Depending on the patient's needs, the doctor will provide heat and cold therapy, ultrasound, EMS, or intersegmental traction to speed the body's journey to attain optimum efficiency. These four treatments are briefly described below:
Cold therapy is helpful for reducing swelling and inflammation. Heat therapy helps relieve pain, including localized arthritis pain. Gel packs, designed for heat and cold therapy, replace old-fashioned hot water bottles and electric heating pads.
Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS):
EMS works by stimulating muscles by means of tiny electric impulses. These impulses travel to the body from the EMS unit via electrode pads which are attached to the body. Timers on the unit rhythmically contract and relax the muscles, allowing you to tone or work muscles.
Ultrasound is a deep heating treatment that is most effective in heating tissues of deep joints. It is helpful in improving the distensibility of connective tissue, which facilitates stretching. Ultrasound machines utilize high or low frequency sound waves that are transmitted to the surrounding tissue and vasculature, penetrating the muscles to cause deep tissue and muscle warming. This promotes tissue relaxation and therefore is useful in treating muscle tightness and spasms. The warming effect of the sound waves also cause the blood vessels to dilate, which increases circulation to the areas needing healing.
This is like a roller massage table which employs heat, vibration and traction. This increases blood flow to the discs, spinal ligaments and musculature. This also stretches and softens scar tissue, ligaments muscles and intervertebral discs which helps the body heal.